Arboretum de Concord, Michigan USA ©

Picea abies 'Acrocona'


"Conifers magnificent color changes, fascinating and extreme forms and spectacular winter color!"

Conifers include approximately 625-700 species worldwide and up to 900 taxa including distinctive subspecies and varieties, compared with an estimated 400,000 species of flowering plants, but conifers are much more important to the world's landscape and ecology than their relative small number of species might suggest. Conifers have their own unique appearance. 
Debreczy, Zs. and I. Rįcz, 2011. Conifers Around the World. Vpls. 1-2 DendroPress Ltd, Budapest. 1089 pp.

Conifers, a diverse and vast group of plants are spanning in size from tiny miniatures to giant forest trees.
Conifers provide unsurpassed beauty with their spectacular color changes. Their most astonishing transformation takes place during springs new growth. These four-season plants have fascinating and unusual forms: some are weeping, pendulous, columnar and pyramidal, others are prostate, globose and dwarf. Conifers provide interest in all season and they add essential ingredients to a garden never replicated by any other plants. 
A hedge of large evergreens provides a valuable windbreak for plants not suitable for your particular growing zone. Very narrow columnar forms can be used as accent plants. The best companion plants for conifers are Japanese maples (Acer species) and Beeches (Fagus). Dwarf or miniature conifers can be successful combined with perennials and low-growing bulbs. The brilliant red exotic flowers of Crocosmia 'Lucifer' in front of a spreading low-growing blue Picea provide an excellent focal point.
Color, form and texture in the landscape is provided by a careful selection of plant material. The addition of ornamental grasses provides movement.

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Conifers provide a paradise for wildlife, protective shelter and nesting places for birds, cones for squirrels and other mammals. Combined with berry producing shrubs, a water source, several brush piles and an instant wildlife habitat is created. 
This wildlife habitat provides the four basic habitat elements wildlife need to thrive: water, food, cover and a place to raise their young. To aid in the war against insects, a large population of birds is encouraged by supplying them with their basic needs.

The environmental requirement for each plant depends upon the conifers native habitat. Before you buy plants, try to research the cultural conditions and how to provide them. Select plants that will grow in the environment you can supply.
For more cultural information, growing tips and solving problems and to  obtain unusual and rare species, we recommend joining the Conifer Society. The Society promotes plant and seed exchanges and provides information on the culture of these plants.
Interested in learning more about conifers? Join the International Conifer Society Conifer Obsession, providing several E-mail discussion groups for every knowledge level. A VIRTUAL Conifer Society for Conifer Connoisseurs! 

Opinions on Collection Conifers and Exotics by members of Conifer Obsession Groups: Visit: Conifer species vs. Hybrid/Cultivars

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Splendors of the Rain Forest


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Brilliant Winter Color
Coexistence with Wildlife

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Descriptive notes for each  plant:
Culture and Habitat

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Picea abies 'Acrocona'

Picea bicolor (aka jezoensis) 'Howells Dwarf Tigertail'


Picea abies 'Acrocona' cones


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Heidi von Stern
The Arboretum's Pest Patrol

Hidden Lake Gardens, Michigan
from left to right: Gary Gee, Siegrid Stern, 
Chub Harper, Carole Groh and Dennis Groh in rear

Visit: The Harper Collection of Dwarf & Rare Conifers

Craig Tufts from the National Wildlife Federation at the Conifer Wildlife Habitat. Craig Tufts is one of the leading experts on gardening for wildlife



Conifers in Spring

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Abies koreana 'Aurea'

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Pinus parviflora 'Goldilocks'

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Pinus peuce 'Variegata'

                           Pinus contorta 'Taylor's Sunburst'

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                       Picea abies 'Rubra Spicata'


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Picea bicolor (aka jezoensis) 'Howells Dwarf Tigertail'
Asia - Zone 5 - not heat tolerant


Conifers in Summer

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Thuja occidentalis 'Filiformis' Picea meyeri
Picea wilsonii

Picea abies 'Pendula'

Pinus ayacahuite
Abies fraseri columnar Picea meyeri & wilsonii, 
P. pungens in rear
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Fagus sylvatica
Pinus parviflora
'Ara Kawa'
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 Conifers in Winter

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                                             Juniperus scopulorum 
                                           'Tolleson's Blue Weeping'

     Cunninghamia      Pinus contorta var.   Sequoiadendron
        lanceolata       latifolia 'Chief Joseph'     giganteum

Picea abies 'Pendula'







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Conifers after an Ice Storm


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The environmental requirement for each species depends upon the plants native habitat. 
Before you buy plants, try to research the cultural conditions and how to provide them.
 Select plants that will grow in the environment you can supply.
For more cultural information, growing tips and  and solving problems, 
we recommend to join one of the Conifer Obsession Groups.
 "Explore the best site for Conifers at Garden Web World"


Interested in learning more about conifers? Join the International Conifer Society
A VIRTUAL Conifer Society for Conifer Connoisseurs 




"Interested in visiting some World-Class Plant Collections and famous Gardens?
Take a Virtual Tour at Garden Web World"


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